Today (November 30, 2017), the High Level Group of the Commission’s Scientific Advice Mechanism has published (dated Nov. 29) a new 80-page scientific opinion on ‘Food from the Oceans’ titled “Food from the Oceans – How can more food and biomass be obtained from the oceans in a way that does not deprive future generations of their benefits?”. The advisers were asked to look at how more food and biomass can be obtained from the oceans in a way that does not deprive future generations of their benefits.
“The scientific evidence unambiguously points to sustainable “culture” and “capture” at lower trophic levels (i.e. levels in the ocean food web below the carnivore levels currently mostly exploited) as the way to bring about such an increase. Furthermore, the greatest and most feasible potential identified for expansion globally lies in mariculture (i.e. marine aquaculture) – notably of herbivore filter feeders (e.g. molluscs) for direct human consumption or, together with cultivated algae, as a more ecologically efficient source of feed for farmed marine carnivores (e.g. finfish, shrimp, etc.). At the same time, much still needs to be done to improve the management of capture fisheries in order to preserve this vital source of nutrition and livelihood for a significant proportion of the global population.”
The 80-page scientific opinion is available online here: http://ec.europa.eu/research/sam/pdf/sam_food-from-oceans_report.pdf